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Diazepam Abuse

Diazepam is a hypnotic, sedative, amnesic, anticonvulsant, and anxiolytic muscle relaxant. The drug is generally used in the treatment of insomnia and anxiety. Nonetheless failure to use this drug as recommended by a doctor can lead to abuse and addiction. Comprehensive research conducted in the past has indicated that the drug is capable of creating a blend of psychological and physiological tolerance there for making it hard for an individual to stop taking it. The dependency mainly results when patients take the drug for longer periods than recommended by physicians.

Diazepam is used medically for a number of purposes such as short term relief of anxiety, and assistance in withdrawing from alcohol. Other conditions that may be treated using the drug include:

  • Tetanus
  • Tremors
  • Paranoia
  • Muscle spasms
  • Hallucinations
  • Acute agitation
  • Stiff-man syndrome
  • Neurological disorders
  • Severe delirium tremens

Diazepam Abuse

Nonetheless, using the drug in the appropriate quantity is of the utmost importance. This is because when taken in large amounts or over long periods it leads to the development of dependency which can be very hard to break. Research estimates that patients who are administered the drug for more than 6 months for therapeutic purposes become physically dependent on Diazepam. This can be proven by the fact that they experience strong cravings and withdrawal symptoms as soon as there is a delay in taking their regular dose.

Diazepam Abuse Side-Effects

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Hypertension
  • Palpitations
  • Hyperactivity
  • Panic attacks
  • Mental clouding
  • Loss of appetite

Diazepam abuse and addiction are serious problems for many people and can result in serious health conditions when a patient tries to stop taking the drug alone without assistance. These withdrawal symptoms may include:

  • Anger
  • Tremors
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Insomnia
  • Convulsions
  • Muscle spasms
  • Extreme anxiety
  • Hallucinations
  • Abdominal muscle cramps

Patients who are victims of an overdose of the drug mainly do so as a result of increased tolerance. Combining the drug with other substances and especially with alcohol can be dangerous since it results in coma. A common antidote used to treat patients that have overdosed on the drug is flumazenil. The administration of this drug should only be done by a professional physician.

Many patients addicted to Diazepam are in denial that they are addicted to the drug especially if they are taking it for medical reasons. This makes it hard to assist them since they may not actually be aware that they are addicted to it. Nonetheless, there are simple ways that patients can use to establish whether they are really in control of their use of these drugs.

One of those means is the quantity of the drug taken to achieve similar effects over time. Generally, patients need to increase their diazepam intake to maintain levels of efficacy. This comes as a result of tolerance building up in the body to the drug. Developing a craving is also another big problem that addicts should be on the lookout for.

Although Diazepam is a commonly prescribed drug, it is classified in schedule IV drugs. This means that a patient needs a prescription to be given the drugs. Neither do insurance companies cover this drug.

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